ACP 20


Major general lafayette mclaws (see main description for short history)

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Mclaws, was born in augusta, georgia he later attended and, graduated from the united states military academy, westpoint in 1842, with a placing 48th out of 56 cadets mclaws was to serve as an infantry officer. He would see active service in the mexican-american war, also in the west, and in the utah war. He would see further service in the suppression of the mormon uprising. While in service at jefferson barracks, missouri, he married emily allison taylor, the niece of zachary taylor, making him a cousin-in-law of future confederates richard taylor and confederate president jefferson davisas the civil war, began mcclaws sided with his native georgia. He resigned as a united .States army captain. Commissioned a major in the newly formed confederate states army. He was quickly promoted to colonel of the 10th georgia infantry regiment then quickly again to brigadier general and would command at both brigade and division levels in the seven days battles. On may 23, 1862, he was promoted to major general. This elevation would see him join major general james longstreet’s first corps in the army of northern virginia. Mcclaws as 1st division commander would stay with longstreet for most of the war.During robert e. Lee’s 1862 maryland campaign, mclaws’s division was split from the rest of the 1st corps and, operated in conjunction with maj. Gen. Thomas j. “stonewall” jackson and captured maryland heights at harpers ferry. He marched his division to sharpsburg, maryland, and defended the west woods in the battle of antietam, his division would sustain heavy casualties. Despite suffering heavy loss, lee was disappointed in mclaws’s slow arrival on the battlefield. At the battle of fredericksburg, mclaws was one of the divisions defending marye’s heights and he satisfied lee with his ferocious defencive performance.At chancellorsville, while the rest of longstreet’s corps was detached for duty near suffolk, virginia, mclaws fought directly under lee’s command. On may 3, 1863, lee sent mclaws’s division to stop the union vi corps under major general john sedgwick marching toward lee’s rear. He did accomplish this, but lee was disappointed that mclaws had not attacked more aggressively and caused more harm to sedgwick’s corps, instead of letting him escape across the rappahannock river.. When lee reorganised his army to compensate for jackson’s mortal wounding at chancellorsville, longstreet recommended his subordinate for one of the two new corps commands, but both men were disappointed when lee chose richard s. Ewell and a.P. Hill instead. Mclaws requested a transfer, but it was denied.On the second day of the battle of gettysburg, july 2, 1863, mclaws commanded the second division to step off in longstreet’s massive assault on the union left flank. He achieved great success (at a high cost in lives) in the areas known as the wheatfield and the peach orchard, but the army as a whole was unable to dislodge the union forces from their positions on cemetery ridge. His division did not participate in pickett’s charge the next day, despite longstreet’s command of that assault.Mclaws accompanied longstreet’s corps to tennessee to come to the aid of general braxton bragg’s army of tennessee. He arrived too late to lead his division at chickamauga, where it was led by brigadier general joseph b. Kershaw, but he did participate in the chattanooga campaign. In the knoxville campaign later in 1863, longstreet relieved mclaws for the failure of the attack on fort sanders, citing “a want of confidence in the efforts and plans which the cmdg genl has thought proper to adopt.”] in a letter to confederate adjutant and inspector general samuel cooper, on december 30, longstreet submitted three charges of “neglect of duty” but did not request a court-martial because mclaws’s “services might be important to the government in some other position.” (in that same letter, he requested a court-martial for brig. Gen. Jerome b. Robertson who had been charged with “incompetency” by his division commander.) mclaws also wrote to cooper on december 30, disputing longstreet’s charges and requesting a court-martial to clear his name. Cooper forwarded longstreet’s letter to secretary of war james seddon and to confederate president jefferson davis with the annotation that longstreet was not authorised to relieve and reassign officers under his command without a formal court-martial.] davis ordered the court-martial of both generals, although he opposed relieving mclaws until a successor could be appointed.The court-martial of robertson and mclaws convened in morristown, tennessee, on february 12, 1864, with maj. Gen. Simon b. Buckner serving as president of the court. The proceedings suffered delays as witnesses,including longstreet were not available to appear as scheduled, in some cases because longstreet granted them leaves of absence. Cooper’s office published the court’s findings on may 5, exonerating him on the first two specifications of neglect of duty, but finding him guilty of the third”failing in the details of his attack to make arrangements essential to his success.” mclaws was sentenced to 60 days without rank or command, but cooper overturned the verdict and sentence, citing fatal flaws in the procedures of the court, ordering mclaws to return to duty with his division. However, on may 18, mclaws was assigned by the war department to the defenses of savannah in the department of south carolina, georgia, and florida.Mclaws was bitter about the decision and, subsequently his fate, claiming that longstreet had used him as a scapegoat for the failed knoxville campaign. Writing in his memoirs many years after the war, longstreet expressed regret that he had filed charges against mclaws, which he described as happening “in an unguarded moment.” in time, the animosity healed between the two confederate veterans, but mclaws never fully forgave longstreet for his actions.Mclaws left the first corps, and since lee would not accept him for command in virginia, he proceeded to savannah, which he was unable to defend successfully against maj. Gen. William t. Shermans and his march to the sea in late 1864.Mclaws next saw active service opposing sherman’s advance into the carolinas. At the battle of rivers’ bridge on february 2, 1865, his command resisted the advance of the army of the tennessee into south carolina. His forces delayed the federal crossing of the salkehatchie river until they found other crossings and turned his right flank. Mclaws led a division under lieutenant general william j. Hardee at the battle of averasborough, commanding the confederate third line of defence, and at the battle of bentonville. His division was little engaged at bentonville because of vague orders. In the aftermath of these battles, mclaws had problems with the discipline of his division, holding multiple roll calls per day to prevent desertion and looting. When general. Joseph e. Johnston reorganized the army, mclaws lost his command assignment. Mclaws surrendered with johnston’s army, at durham station in north carolina on april 26, 1865; however, there is no record of his parole. On october 18, 1865, he was pardoned by the united states government.After the war, mclaws worked in the insurance business, was a tax collector for the irs, served as savannah’s postmaster in 1875-76. He] was active in confederate veterans’ organisations. Despite his wartime differences with longstreet, mclaws initially defended longstreet in the post-war attempts by jubal early and others to smear his reputation. Just before his death, however, his opinion changed about the lost cause movement, and he began speaking out about longstreet’s failures at gettysburg.Lafayette mclaws died in savannah and is buried there in laurel grove cemetery.